Tuesday, October 27, 2015
By: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzaan حفظه الله
Question: What is the ruling concerning taking pictures using a mobile phone considering some people say that it is just capturing a shadow and there is no prohibition in that, so what is the ruling concerning that?
Answer: For HIM there is no prohibition in that, as for the Sunnah and the evidences then picture taking/making in general is Haraam (prohibited) and the picture maker is cursed. And he will receive from the most severest of punishments on the Day of Judgment.
So, what is it that takes the mobile phone out from this generality?
The Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم made picture making Haraam without exception by any means; (whether that be by way of) a mobile phone, a camera, by hand (sculpting) or by drawing, he made it absolutely Haraam. So who is he that makes an exception from what the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسم said and attempts to redress the Messenger.
Apart from that the Muhaqqiqeen (verifiers) from the Scholars make an exception in the case of necessity, if a person is in need of taking a picture for a necessity then it is allowed due to this necessity due to His saying - the Most High:
(وقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إلاَّ مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إلَيْهِ )
while He has explained to you in detail what is forbidden to you, except under compulsion of necessity? [Surah al-'An'aam:119]
Ibnul Qayyim رحمه الله said the word (الحزن) – (sadness) does not appear in the Qur'aan except in the form of forbidding it
(ولا تهنو ولاتحزنوا)
or in the form of negating it
(فلاخوف عليهم ولا هم يحزنون).
And the reason for this is because there is no benefit for having sadness in the heart. The most beloved thing to Shaitan is to make the believing slave sad by taking him off track.
The Prophet (ﷺ) sought refuge in Allaah (سبحانه وتعالى) from sadness
(اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الهم والحزن)
Ibnul Qayyim رحمه الله said: "Sadness weakens the heart and diminishes determination and wanting to go forward. And there is nothing more beloved to the Shaitan than the sadness of a believer."
For this reason, be happy, optimistic and think good about Allaah (سبحانه وتعالى). Have trust in what Allaah (سبحانه وتعالى) is able to do and depend on Him. You will find happiness and pleasure in all situations.
The Noble Sheikh Muqbil Ibnu Haadi al-Wadi’ee رحمه الله, in his book "al-Jaami' as-Saheeh" under the 9th Chapter of the Book of Manners, he mentioned the following:
Chapter: The Supplication of the Child for the Parent
He then cited in this chapter the following hadeeth on the authority of Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه who said the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَيَرْفَعُ الدَّرَجَةَ لِلْعَبْدِ الصَّالِحِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ، فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ، أَنَّى لِي هَذِهِ؟ فَيَقُولُ: بِاسْتِغْفَارِ وَلَدِكَ لَكَ. وفي رواية (بِدُعَاءِ وَلَدِكَ لَكَ)
Surely Allaah سبحانه وتعالى will raise the rank for the righteous slave in Paradise. Then he will say: “My Lord, how is this mine? He (Allaah) will say: Through your righteous child seeking forgiveness for you. And in another narration --- (Through the supplication of your child for you).
The hadeeth was reported by Ahmed (10203) and the other narration was reported by al-Bazzaar as found in Kashf al-Astaar (4/39). And was graded sound by Sheikh Muqbil رحمه الله in the previous source as well as as-Saheeh al-Musnad (1389). As it was also authenticated by al-Imam al-Albani رحمه in "as-Saheeha" (1098).
Indeed the previous hadeeth calls the attention of the believing slaves of Allaah, men and women, young and old, to the great virtue which is supplicating for the parents. This is a matter which many of us are unfortunately negligent of.