رَبِّ ابْنِ لِى عِندَكَ بَيْتاً فِى الْجَنَّةِ
'My Lord! Build for me a home with You in Jannaah'
(At-Tahreem 66:11)


Dua'a


 
The Obligation of Seeking Refuge from Four Things Before the Du'aa in Tashaahud


  Shaykh Muhadith Nasir as-Sunnah Muhammad Nasir-Deen Al-Albaani (rahimahullaah)  

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‘The Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to say: ‘If one of you finishes from the [last] Tashahud; then he should seek refuge with Allaah from four things; [he says: ‘O Allaah I seek refuge with You] from the punishment of the Hell-Fire, and from the punishment of the grave, & from the Fitna of life & death, and from the evil of the Fitna (trials) of the Maseeh ad-Dajjal.’ [then he makes Dua’ for himself with that which appears apparent to him. [He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) would make Du'aa with it in Tashahud].  [He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to teach it to his Companions - Radhi Allaahu 'anhum- just as he would teach them a Surah from the Qur’aan.]


the-obligation-of-seeking-refuge-from-four-things-before-the-dua_-in-tashahud1

 
The majority of scholars held the view that this Du`a’ (supplication) falls under the category of stressed Sunnah. It was been reported on the authority of Tawus, one of the great Tabi`un (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) that this Du`a’ is obligatory. Tawus is also reported to have ordered his son to repeat his Salah when he knew that he did not recite this Du`a’. This indicates that such Du`a’ is a stressed Sunnah, which the Mu’min should not miss in obligatory or voluntary Salah.

People are subject to trials in their lives and after death. One may commit sins or Bid`ah (innovation in Islam), or be exposed to Kufr (disbelief) in Allah’s Religion. One might be tempted with wealth, lusts, sins, or evil company, and commit acts which displease Allah, whether it be Kufr, Bid`ah, or sins during their lives or at their death. We ask Allah to grant us protection from it. One may be tested with the trial of Al-Masih-ul-Dajjal if they live during the time when he appears. Al-Masih-ul-Dajjal will appear at the end of time, claiming to be a prophet and lord of all creation. Many people will follow him. We seek refuge with Allah from this. They will be doomed because of their following him. One should ask the Lord to protect them from these trials, because they do not know whether they will be saved or not. Therefore, one must ask Allah to protect them from the torment of Hellfire, the punishment of the grave, the trials of life and death and the trial of Al-Masih-ul-Dajjal. Everyone is in need of this Du`a’ so that they will not be tried in their life or upon dying; and so that they will not experience the trial of Al-Masih-ul-Dajjal if they happen to live at the time when he appears. We ask Allah to save us from this.
The above was taken from Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb  - alifta.net
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Some Mistakes done in Du’aa – Dr Saleh as Saleh

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Some mistakes:
1.    Du’aa containing aspects of shirk in worship (i.e invoking others or other along with Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala).

‘O young man, I am going to teach you some words: Be mindful of Allaah, and He will be mindful of you. Be mindful of Allaah, and you will find Him before you. When you ask, ask Allaah. When you wish to seek help, seek help from Allaah. Remember that if all the people come together to bring you benefit they cannot benefit you except what Allaah has written. On the other hand, if they come together to cause (you) any harm they will not be able to do it except for what Allaah has written. The pens have been laid aside, and the scrolls have dried.’ 

(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi who declared it Hasan Sahih).
 
2.    Forbidden types of tawassul
That he makes tawassul to Allaah in his du`aa by the honour of the Prophet or his sanctity, or his blessing, or by the honour of those besides him from the Saaliheen, or their sanctity or their right or their blessing, so he says, by way of example, “O Allaah, by the honour of your Prophet, or his sanctity, or his blessing, give me wealth and offspring or enter me into Paradise & save me from the Fire”, then he is not a Mushrik with the major shirk which expels him from Islaam, but it is forbidden in order to close the means (leading) to Shirk and in order to distance a Muslim from doing anything that leads towards Shirk. And there is no doubt that tawassul through the honour of the Prophets & righteous is one of the means of Shirk, that eventually lead to it after the passing of days (i.e. time), according to what has been indicated by (practical) experience and what the reality testifies to… (Fataawaa Lajnah ad-Daa’imah, (1/338),    [Check Here for further resources]

3.    Dua asking for Death
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
“No one should wish death for any affliction that has befallen him. If he finds his situation unbearable, let him pray: “Allahumma ahyini ma kanati al-hayatu khayran li wa tawaffani ma kanat al-wafatu khayran li (O Allaah, grant me life if life is good for me, and grant me death if death is good for me).” (Muslim)


Imaam Ahmad reported that Anas said,

“Allaah’s Messenger visited a Muslim man who had become as weak as a sick small bird. Allaah’s Messenger said to him, `Were you asking or supplicating to Allaah about something’ He said, `Yes. I used to say: O Allaah! Whatever punishment you saved for me in the Hereafter, give it to me in this life.’ Allaah’s Messenger said:

((All praise is due to Allaah! You cannot bear it - or stand it-. You should have said: (Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good & in the Hereafter that which is good, & save us from the torment of the Fire!))

The man began reciting this Du`a & he was cured.” Muslim also recorded it.

5.    Invoke for something forbidden or a sin
for e.g, asking Allaah to make someone as drug addict or asking Allaah that someone to die as kaafir etc.

6.    Severing ties of kinship

7.    As a way of testing Allaah’s Power, response etc.

8.    Abandoning du’aa due to despair 
‘The servant’s du’a will be answered provided he does not ask for what is sinful or for the breaking off of relations, & also if he does not show impatience.’ He was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, what is impatience?’ And he replied, ‘That the servant says: “I invoked, but I do not think it (my invocation) was answered”, & he becomes disappointed and abandons du’a.’ (Narrated by Muslim in his “Sahih” from Abu Hurairah).

9.    Excessiveness in raising voice
‘Be kind to yourselves for you are not calling upon One who is deaf or absent. You are calling upon One who is All-Hearing & All-Seeing.’ (Bukhari & Muslim reported it from Abu Musa).

10.You shouldn’t ask Allaah to make His decree that is bad for you, easy for you but rather Allaah should ward it off.

Ask with absolute resolve, & believe with certainty that your du’a will be answered. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘When one of you makes du’a he should not say, ‘O Allaah, forgive me if You wish, have mercy on me if you wish, give me provision if you wish,’ but he should ask with resolve because he does what he likes; no one can force Him.’  (Bukhari)

The Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) also said: 

‘Ask Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala when you are sure of His response, & remember that Allaah does not accept the du’a of the unmindful & neglectful heart.’

(Declared Hasan by Sheikh Al-Albani in “Silsilah al-Ahadith Al-Sahihah” no 594)


12.Invoke Allaah against oneself, property, wealth or family :
Jabir (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) said the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
‘Do not make du’a against yourself, nor make du’a against your children, nor your property, for your du’a may coincide with the time when Allaah grants all supplication, & your du’a might be granted (and cause you harm).’
(Muslim).

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